You often hear about Green Thumb as if it were a magical power that some people have and others don’t.
The truth is that you need to know some rules to have a lush garden full of trees. In fact, gardening and, in particular, tree care are not activities to be tackled without any preparation. But don’t worry! To have a garden to make all your neighbors envy you, what counts is to follow a few simple basic principles in tree cultivation.
A very obvious question could be “Where can I find these basic rules?”. Know that there are books and books specialized in gardening, such as the practical guides of Collana del Verde, which are specially designed and formulated to allow easy reading and to show you how easy it is, with a few simple moves, to recreate, in the green spaces around your home, an oasis of plants and trees all of your own.
To become a grower, in fact, you need to experiment, make mistakes and still learn, without fear of messing up. In gardening, you never reach the point where you can say you know everything, because every tree, every shrub and every flower requires specific knowledge.
Trees: These Strangers
Sooner or later, everyone has regretted not knowing the name of a tree.
Those who dedicate themselves to gardening probably want to overcome this situation and get closer to the realm of flora. In order to do so, they need to be guided with experience and expertise in the countless aspects of plant care, cultivation and the various plant species.
Knowing the specific characteristics of individual trees is the first step to successfully cultivate them in the garden.
Then, once you understand the needs of the species, just follow some general rules.
If you want to learn to recognize the numerous varieties of trees, which can be found in the gardens of Italy, in the volume “Trees and Shrubs” of Collana del Verde you will find a complete guide to the most cultivated trees and shrubs.
The General Rules For Growing Trees In The Garden
It is necessary first of all to know what are the main elements that condition the life of a tree.
Here is a short list:
- Type of soil;
- Sun exposure;
- Pesticides and fungicides;
Choice Of Garden Trees
Each garden has a particular characteristic and is made with a very precise criterion.
The gardens can be diversified by:
- Types of plants (needles, broadleaf, mixed);
- Use that you want to do with them (have shade, enjoy the blooms, have fruit);
- Aesthetics (the composition of beauty).
- In any case, some precautions must be respected.
First of all you have to keep in mind that an arboreal garden lasts over time, so you have to be very careful when designing it with regard to the choice of trees, their characteristics and the size they will take over time.
Type Of Soil, Climate And Soil Preparation
Another extremely important fact is not to plant trees that are unsuitable for the climate and soil.
Each tree has a preferential habitat, given by the climate, the temperature range during the year, the solar radiation, the duration of the light/dark cycle. Parameters which, if different, do not allow the tree to grow well. Another thing not to be underestimated is the degree of acidity of the soil, the PH. While for potted plants it is relatively easy to correct it, it is practically impossible to do so for trees planted in the ground.
Before planting any tree it is necessary to work the soil in depth, removing large stones, root residues, debris. The soil must always be cared for, plowing, harrowing, hoeing, rolling.
Garden Trees: Pruning And Grafting
Garden plants are certainly beautiful if left to grow naturally, as they would in nature. However, it is often necessary to prune them, both to give them the desired shape and to correct their growth.
It’s a very satisfying procedure, but you can’t improvise if you don’t want to disfigure the tree. We strongly advise you to be informed in advance according to the type of tree to be pruned.
Grafting also requires a certain amount of experience and expertise. Avoid leaving the operations to chance and, at least the first few times, follow the advice and schemes of a guide specialized in pruning and grafting, trying to draw as much knowledge as possible from the examples given.
Garden Trees: Fertilizing And Mulching
At the beginning of spring, with the vegetative regrowth, it is necessary to fertilize the soil, in order to assure the trees the necessary nourishment, to develop in a luxuriant way and to resist to adversities and diseases.
In nature, the plants receive nourishment from rainwater and minerals dissolved in the soil, but these conditions are not always present in gardens whose characteristics do not always coincide with those of the habitats from which the trees we have planted come.
That is why we need to fertilize systematically. Fertilizers are of various types: organic, mineral, organometal or chemical.
In our opinion, organic or biological fertilizers are preferable, such as mature compost, peat, manure, pollen, guano, wood ash and others.
Mulching is the operation of covering the ground with inert material. It is made both to prevent the growth of weeds – which would turn the garden into a forest where it would be impossible to walk – and to keep the soil moist and to keep it cool and protect it from frost.
Pesticides And Fungicides For Garden Trees
There are all sorts of pesticides and fungicides, from chemical to natural.
Naturally, the advice is to prefer the latter, bearing in mind that, for many years now, biological remedies of all kinds have been available.
The most suitable remedy is to use “good insects against bad insects”, i.e. harmless insects that feed on insects that damage trees.
All that remains is to wish you good work and the trees in your garden a long life!